Republic of Mozambique

Republic of Mozambique

Political Economy Summary

Capital Maputo
Independence 25 June 1975
Head of State & Govt H.E. Filipe Jacinto Nyusi
Prime Minister P.M. Carlos Agostinho do Rosário
Minister of Foreign Affairs José Condugua António Pacheco
Minister of Finance Adriano Maleiane
Central Bank Govenor Rogério Lucas Zandamela
Next National Elections Date 2024
Government Website
Parliament Website


Political Economy

Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Editorial regarding Mozambique.

Balance of Payments and International FDI Position in Mozambique: FY2019/20
Mozambican merchandise export earnings have been volatile and growing faster than imports during the period from 2015 to 2018. The slower export earnings have deteriorated ...
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Trade and Regional Integration in Mozambique: FY2019/20
Mozambican exports have been volatile and growing faster than imports during the period from 2015 to 2018. This has had a short-term positive impact on ...
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GDP Growth and Public Finance in Mozambique: FY2019/20
Mozambique’s economy has been on a downward spiral due to slow improvements in coal and aluminium prices and reduced mining production. The Mozambican economy and ...
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Mozambican Public Debt Sustainability
Mozambique’s public debt sustainability has been severely affected by the undisclosed public debt saga which broke in April 2016. This has affected projections on public ...
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Regional Integration

Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Regional Integration Monitor relating to Mozambique.

Climate Change and Adaptation in SADC
The April 2020 issue focuses on assessing the impact of climate change and evaluating the effectiveness of regional systems and national responses to the crisis ...
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Youth Unemployment and Empowerment in SADC
The July 2019 issue focuses on providing an overview of youth empowerment in SADC - What is the current state of youth unemployment and youth ...
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Public Debt and Government Finances in SADC
The April 2019 issue focuses on providing an overview of public debt in SADC and what needs to be done to retain debt sustainability in ...
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Political Conflict and Development in SADC
The January 2019 issue focuses on the history of conflict and political instability in SADC, and its impact on economic growth and development - What is ...
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Policy Dialogues

Click on a thumbnail below to view the latest PESA public engagements on issues relating to Mozambique.

PESA Power987 Interview
Interview reflecting on the regional impact of slow growth in South Africa and how it affects neighbouring countries in SADC and SACU. The interview examines ...
PESA Power987 Interview
Interview about the regional impact of Cyclone Idai on the SADC region and the response. The discussion reviews the state of disaster risk-management in the ...
SAfm Interviews
Interview about the looming public debt crisis in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) focused on the its source and what governments can do to ...
PESA Power987 Interview
Interview about the Zambia's planned audit of all mining firms' tax compliance over the past six years. The interview also analyses the constraints that African ...


Mozambique Geographic Location
Geographic Location

Mozambique is located on the east coast of Southern Africa. It shares a land border with Swaziland to the south, South Africa to the southwest, Zimbabwe to the west, Zambia and Malawi to the northwest, Tanzania to the north and the Indian Ocean to the east.

Mozambican Cities
Mozambican Cities
Mozambican Coat Arms
Coat of Arms

The Mozambican coat of arms was adopted in 1990 in the Constitution of Mozambique article 194. It depicts a gear wheel which represents labor and industry. This wheel is bordered by corn stalks and sugarcane which represent agricultural wealth.

In the middle there is a red sun over a map of Mozambique in green, and blue waves, an AK-47 crossed with a hoe, and a book. The red sun symbolises the building of a new life. The red star represents socialism and the spirit of international solidarity of the Mozambican people. The wreath is tied with a ribbon bearing the name of the country. The coat of arms uses “socialist heraldry” style similar to those of the Soviet republics.

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