2018

Nigeria Land Reform and Rural Transformation Overview

Nigeria Land Reform and Rural Transformation Overview

When the North of Nigeria was colonized by the British government, it passed the Proclamation of 1900 and annexed all the land in the region. The colonial government North of Nigeria subsequently set up Northern Nigeria Lands Committee of 1908.

Kenya Land Reform and Rural Transformation Overview

Kenya Land Reform and Rural Transformation Overview

The process of land reform has become highly politicised to the extent that it is threatening to derail the country’s economic development. In Kenya, land translates to power, especially in higher levels of government where officials use their positions in the state to access land.

Ghana Land Reform and Rural Tranformation Overview

Ghana Land Reform and Rural Transformation Overview

Ghana has tried to fuse the western style of democratic governance with African traditional administration to create a unique political regime based on democratic rule and application of traditional laws. The Ghanaians are at liberty to either apply the traditional land system or to apply the enacted laws and policies.

eSwatini Land Reform and Rural Transformation Overview

eSwatini Land Reform and Rural Transformation Overview

The Kingdom of eSwatini is a small, landlocked Southern African country bordered by the Republic of Mozambique to the east and surrounded by the Republic of South Africa. The history of Swazi land tenure dates back to the 1870s when most African countries were under European colonial administration.

Mozambique Land Reform and Rural Transformation Overview

Mozambique Land Reform and Rural Transformation Overview

Mozambique was colonised by the Portuguese until 1975 when the Frente de Libertação de Moçambique (FRELIMO) government under President Mondlane, took over power at the dawn of independence. The architecture, motivation and character of colonial land policies in Mozambique were similarly racially discriminatory and exploitative as those introduced under various colonial administrations in Southern Africa.

Mauritius Land Reform and Rural Transformation Overview

Mauritius Land Reform and Rural Transformation Overview

Mauritius was discovered by the Portuguese in 1505 and then subsequently colonised by the Dutch and the French before the British colonised it in 1810. Mauritius became an independent state within the commonwealth in 1968 and then a Republic in 1992.

Malawi Land Reform and Rural Transformation Overview

Malawi Land Reform and Rural Transformation Overview

The land issue has taken primacy in Malawi’s economic growth and development strategy. The country’s economy is largely dependent on agriculture . Hence recent government efforts to support development focus on rationalising and adapting land tenure arrangements towards inclusivity and transformation.

Lesotho Land Reform and Rural Transformation Overview

Lesotho Land Reform and Rural Transformation Overview

Lesotho’s current land governance and land reform programme is informed by the Land Act 8 of 2010, which succeeds the Land Act 17 of 1979 that previously informed land reform in post-independence Lesotho. The prevailing land tenure system in Lesotho operates under leasehold terms of 31 years, as established under the 1979 Land Act, which mandates the State as the trustee of land in Lesotho.

Botswana Land Reform and Rural Transformation Overview

Botswana Land Reform and Rural Tranformation Overview

Increased globalisation and unpredictable weather patterns have left many rural livelihoods more exposed to external shocks. Agricultural-based rural livelihoods are typically under-resourced, have low productivity and are the most affected by climate change.

Angola Land Reform and Rural Transformation Overview

Angola Land Reform and Rural Tranformation Overview

Historically, Angola’s native population went through a process of land dispossession under Angola’s Civil Code instituted by the Portuguese colonial authorities. The law effectively transferred ownership of all prime land from the indigenous Angolans to the occupying settlers.