PESA Content

PESA Editorial - Kenya - 2Q2018/19

Developmental Impact of Kenya-Sino Relations

Since the establishment of diplomatic relations between Kenya and China in 1963, the relationship between the two countries have grown impressively. The relationship strengthened starting from 2003 after National Rainbow Coalition (NARC) government led by former President Mwai Kibaki came Read More

PESA Editorial - Zimbabwe - 2Q2018/19

Developmental Impact of Zimbabwe-Sino Relations

Zimbabwe and China share a mutually beneficial relationship based on diplomacy and bilateral trade. This is derived from China’s willingness in Sino-African relations to develop cooperation and ensure both China and African people benefit. China is very active in Africa Read More

PESA Editorial - Zambia - 2Q2018/19

Developmental Impact of Zambia-Sino Relations

Zambia’s relation with China can be traced back to 1949, before Zambia’s independence in 1964[1]. Zambia was one of the African countries supporting the participation of China in the United Nations[2]. Despite various misunderstandings between the two countries, the Zambia-China Read More

PESA Editorial - South Africa - 2Q2018/19

Developmental Impact of South Africa-Sino Relations

China has rapidly become an important trade partner and investor in the South African economy. Post-1994 the South African government sought to re-establish its presence in the international community through fostering bi-lateral relationships. South Africa established a formal bi-lateral relationship Read More

PESA Editorial - Lesotho - 2Q2018/19

Developmental Impact of Lesotho-Sino Relations

The Kingdom of Lesotho enjoys cordial bilateral relations with the People’s Republic of China (China) dating back to 1983 following the former Prime Minister Leabua Jonathan’s diplomatic visit to China. This was the first significant diplomatic exchange between the two Read More

PESA Editorial - Botswana - 2Q2018/19

Developmental Impact of Botswana-Sino Relations

Despite the abundance of natural resources, numerous African countries found development difficult to attain following their independence due to low levels of external investment, governance challenges and aid. The decolonisation period coincided with China’s ascent as a global political and Read More