Republic of Zimbabwe

Republic of Zimbabwe

Political Economy Summary

Capital Harare
Independence 18 April 1980
Head of State & Govt H.E. Emmerson Mnangagwa
Minister of Foreign Affairs Sibusiso Busi Moyo
Minister of Finance Mthuli Ncube
Central Bank Govenor John Panonetsa Mangudya
Next National Elections Date 2023
Government Website
Parliament Website




Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Editorial on Zimbabwe.

Array Trade and Regional Integration in Zimbabwe: FY2019/20

Trade and Regional Integration in Zimbabwe: FY2019/20

Zimbabwean exports have been growing consistently during the period from 2015 to 2018. This has had a short-term negative impact on gross official reserves due ...
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Array PESA Editorial - Zimbabwe - 2Q2018/19

Developmental Impact of Zimbabwe-Sino Relations

Zimbabwe and China share a mutually beneficial relationship based on diplomacy and bilateral trade. This is derived from China’s willingness in Sino-African relations to develop ...
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Array Impact of Political Uncertainty on Zimbabwean Growth

Impact of Political Uncertainty on Zimbabwean Growth

A combination of political instability, economic mismanagement, economic sanctions and arguably hostile relations with major developed countries, has led to a collapse of the Zimbabwean ...
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Array PESA Editorial – Zimbabwe - 1Q2017/18

Constraints on Zimbabwe’s 2017 Growth

The Zimbabwean economy is currently experiencing severe challenges of slow economic growth, low commodity prices and drought impacts. Slow economic growth and low commodity prices ...
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Click on a thumbnail below to view the latest PESA public engagements on issues relating to Zimbabwe.

Array PESA Power987 Interview

Political Economy Review: Zimbabwe’s Economic Crisis

Interview reflecting on the impact of sanctions on the Zimbabwean economy and whether the projected growth rate of 3.1% in 2019 is likely to be ...
Array PESA Power987 Interview

Political Economy Review: SACU and SADC in 2019

Interview reflecting on the regional impact of slow growth in South Africa and how it affects neighbouring countries in SADC and SACU. The interview examines ...
Array PESA Power987 Interview

Political Economy Review: Zimbabwean Recovery

Interview about the current context of land reform and monetary policy in Zimbabwe. The interview looks at the process that led to economic sanctions against ...
Array PESA Power987 Interview

Political Economy Review: Impact of Cyclone Idai in SADC

Interview about the regional impact of Cyclone Idai on the SADC region and the response. The discussion reviews the state of disaster risk-management in the ...
Zimbabwe Geographic Location
Geographic Location

Zimbabwe is a landlocked country in southern Africa lying wholly within the tropics. The country has borders with Botswana to the southwest, Mozambique to the east, South Africa to the south, Zambia to the north, and meets Namibia at its westernmost point. It straddles an extensive high inland plateau that drops northwards to the Zambezi valley along the border with Zambia; and similarly drops southwards to the Limpopo valley and the border with South Africa.

The Zimbabwean highlands are renowned for their great natural beauty, with famous tourist destinations such as Nyanga, Troutbeck, Chimanimani, Vumba and Chirinda Forest at Mount Selinda. About 20% of the country consists of low-lying areas (the low veld) less than 900m above sea-level. Mosi-oa-Tunya (Victoria Falls), one of the world’s biggest and most spectacular waterfalls, is located in the country’s extreme northwest and is part of the Zambezi river.

Zimbabwean Cities
Zimbabwean Cities
Zimbabwean Coat Arms
Coat of Arms

The Zimbabwean coat of arms was adopted on was adopted on 21 September 1981 to replace the former Coat of arms of Rhodesia. The coat of arms depicts two Kudus on the left and right, each standing on top of an earthly mound composed of stalks of wheat, a pile of cotton, and a head of maize. At their feet there is also a ribbon with the Zimbabwean national motto: Unity, Freedom, Work.

The coat of arms has a green shield with 14 alternating waves of white and blue lines at top. The centre of the shield also depicts the ancient Kingdom of Great Zimbabwe. Behind the shield, the coat of arms also features an agricultural hoe to the left and an AK-47 assault rifle to the right. The coat of arms also has a gold and green wreath and the crest features the Zimbabwe Bird on a Red Star background.

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