United Republic of Tanzania

United Republic of Tanzania

Political Economy Summary

Capital Dar es Salaam
Independence 9 December 1961
Head of State & Govt H.E. John Pombe Magufuli
Prime Minister P.M. Kassim Majaliwa Majaliwa
Minister of Foreign Affairs Palamagamba John Aidan Mwaluko Kabudi
Minister of Finance Philip Mpango
Central Bank Govenor Florens Luoga
Next National Elections Date October 2020
Government Website
Parliament Website




Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Editorial on Tanzania.

GDP Growth and Public Finance in Tanzania: FY2019/20
Tanzania’s real GDP growth is projected to have declined slightly from the annual average of 6.3% from 2015/16 to 2017/18, to 6.2% in 2018/19. In ...
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Tanzanian Public Debt Sustainability
The Ministry of Finance in Tanzania defines public debt as the outstanding obligations for which the central government, local government or government entities are responsible ...
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PESA Editorial - Tanzania - 3Q2018/19
The United Republic of Tanzania is among the most peaceful and politically stable countries in the Great Lakes region, with only a few incidents of ...
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Tanzania Land Reform and Rural Transformation Overview
Approximately 70 percent of Tanzanians rely on land and agricultural related activities . Agriculture forms the backbone of the economy contributing close to a third ...
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Impact of Political Uncertainty on Tanzanian Growth
Tanzania’s economic growth has been robust and amongst the highest in the region at an annual average rate of 6.8% from 2010-2015, which continued to ...
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Infrastructure and investment in FY2016/17
Leading up to the FY2016/17 national budget speech in June last year, there was a sense among analysts that the Tanzanian Treasury would be presenting ...
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A “round up” on the ending financial previous year
Tanzania is one of the beneficiaries of the post-2009 global financial crisis investment hedging initiatives by developed economies and institutional investors. Consequently, Tanzania has experienced ...
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Click on a thumbnail below to view the latest PESA public engagements on issues relating to Tanzania.

PESA Power987 Interview
Interview about the Tanzanian President Magufuli's strong stance against corruption and tax evasion. The discussion evaluates the necessity of the Tanzanian stance, analyses the investors' ...
Tanzania Geographic Location
Geographic Location

Tanzania shares its borders with Kenya and Uganda to the north; Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west; and Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south. Tanzania is located on the eastern coast of Africa and has an Indian Ocean coastline approximately 800 kilometres long. It also incorporates several offshore islands, including Unguja (Zanzibar), Pemba, and Mafia. The country is the site of Africa’s highest and lowest points: Mount Kilimanjaro, at 5,895 metres above sea level, and the floor of Lake Tanganyika, at 352 metres below sea level.

Tanzania is mountainous and densely forested in the northeast, where Mount Kilimanjaro is located. Three of Africa’s Great Lakes are partly within Tanzania. To the north and west lie Lake Victoria, Africa’s largest lake; Lake Tanganyika, the continent’s deepest lake known for its unique species of fish; to the southwest lies Lake Nyasa. Central Tanzania is a large plateau, with plains and arable land. The eastern shore is hot and humid with the Zanzibar Archipelago just offshore.

The Kalambo water falls in the southwestern region of Rukwa are the second highest uninterrupted fall in Africa and are located near the southeastern shore of Lake Tanganyika on the border with Zambia. The Menai Bay Conservation Area is Zanzibar’s largest marine protected area.

Tanzanian Cities
Tanzanian Cities
Tanzanian Coat Arms
Coat of Arms

The Tanzanian coat of arms comprises a warrior’s shield which bears a golden portion on the upper part above the Flag of Tanzania. It was designed by Mr. Jeremiah Wisdom Kabati, at Bwiru Mwanza in 1961. The golden portion represents minerals in the United Republic; the red portion underneath the flag symbolises the rich fertile soil of Africa; and the wavy bands represent the land, sea, lakes and coastal lines of the United Republic.

In the golden part of the flag, there appears a burning torch signifying freedom, enlightenment and knowledge. The spear signifies defence of freedom and crossed axe and hoe being tools that the people of Tanzania use in developing the country.

The shield stands upon the representation of Mount Kilimanjaro. Elephant tusks are supported by a man and a woman, with a clove bush at the feet of the man and a cotton bush at the feet of the woman (whose head is covered with a golden scarf) symbolising co-operation.

The United Republic’s motto is written below: Uhuru na Umoja which means “Freedom and Unity” in kiSwahili.

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