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Republic of South Africa

Republic of South Africa

Political Economy Summary

 

 

Editorials

Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Editorial on South Africa.

PESA Editorial - South Africa - 3Q2018/19
South Africa’s most prominent period of intense political conflict was between 1950 and 1994 with peaks in 1976 and 1984. Unlike other African countries whose ...
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PESA Editorial - South Africa - 2Q2018/19
China has rapidly become an important trade partner and investor in the South African economy. Post-1994. The South African government sought to re-establish its presence ...
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Impact of Political Uncertainty on South African Growth
Since 1994, the South African economy has gradually transformed with increasing numbers of black professionals and business owners in an economic climate which was once ...
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PESA Editorial – South Africa - 1Q2017/18
In the midst of weak business and consumer confidence, the outlook for domestic growth has declined. The South African Reserve Bank (SARB) revised its GDP ...
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PESA Editorial – South Africa - 1Q2017/18
The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) is an Act from the United States (US) that was passed on 18 May 2000 as Public Law ...
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PESA Editorial – South Africa - 1Q2017/18
Former Minister of Finance, Pravin Gordhan delivered the much anticipated South African budget on 22 February 2017. The budget reflects the difficult economic environment with ...
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Media

Click on a thumbnail below to view the latest PESA public engagements on issues relating to South Africa.

PESA Power987 Interview
Interview reflecting on the regional impact of slow growth in South Africa and how it affects neighbouring countries in SADC and SACU. The interview examines ...
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Metro FM
Interview reflecting on challenges surrounding the South African electronic tolling (e-Toll) system. The interview examines the main contentions, the recent spat between the Minister of ...
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PESA Power987 Interview
Interview reflecting on commitments made by the South African President Cyril Ramaphosa during the State of the Nation Address on 20 June 2019. The interview ...
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TRT World Interview
Interview reflecting on the State of the Nation Address presented by South African President Cyril Ramaphosa on 20 June 2019. The interview looks at the ...
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Metro FM
Interview about financial and business challenges affecting South African Airways (SAA) amidst the abrupt resignation of its former Chief Executive Officer Mr Vuyani Jarana at ...
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PESA Power987 Interview
Interview about the most recent GDP data release, the drivers for the -3.2% quater-on-quarter contraction in GDP, and reflects on the slow growth slump affecting ...
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eNCA
Interview about South Africa's rising public debt and what has been driving the increased debt. The discussion reviews the impact of the rising public debt ...
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OpenNews
Interview analysing the problems of inclusion in the South African mining industry and the inability of the state to implement the Mining Charter. The discussion ...
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PESA Power987 Interview
Interview analysing the impact of Chinese owned boats trawling the Ghanaian coast following a report by the Environmental Justice Foundation (EJF) detailed how Chinese involvement ...
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702
Interview about the South African 2019 Budget Speech and what the Minister of Finance should focus on during his speech. The discussion reviews what the ...
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Metro FM
Interview about what to expect from the South African 2019 Budget Speech. The discussion reviews what the government of South Africa should focus on besides ...
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SAfm Interviews
Interview about the South African Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) 2019 national elections manifesto that was launched on 2 February 2019. The discussion reviews some of ...
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Metro FM
Interview about the South African tax revolt after comments by former Democratic Alliance leader Helen Zille announced that she would lead the revolt if the ...
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eNCA
Panel discussion about populist politics and its socioeconomic impact. The discussion evaluates populist politics in the South African context. The interview also reviews the context ...
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SAfm Interviews
Interview about the looming public debt crisis in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) focused on the its source and what governments can do to ...
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SAfm Interviews
Interview about the possible impact of South African Finance Minister Nene's purported request to be withdrawn from National Treasury. The discussion reviews the first round ...
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SABC News
Interview about the recent Job Summit which sought to bring together various stakeholders to present solutions to the challenges of high poverty, unemployment and inequality ...
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702
Interview about South African President Ramaphosa's fiscal stimulus package in response to the recession, protracted slow growth, high unemployment and inequality. The discussion evaluates merits ...
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SAfm Interviews
Interview about the economic stimulus package proposed by South African President Ramaphosa to take the country out of its current socioeconomic challenges. The discussion reviews ...
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KayaFM 95.9 Interview
Interview about whether South Africa has the right policies to deal with the economic challenges faced by the country. The discussion evaluates appropriateness of some ...
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PESA CNBC Africa Interviews
Interview about whether China is in a process of neocolonialism by providing unsustainable debt to African countries in return for minerals and government control.The discussion ...
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SAfm Interviews
Interview about South Africa's 2018 technical recession and what is needed to recover economic growth. The discussion reviews the main drivers for the recession and ...
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702
Interview about the source of South Africa's slow growth, high unemployment and inequality. The discussion evaluates real causes of economic downturn in South Africa over ...
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SAfm Interviews
Interview about the 2018 Integrated Resource Development Plan and Eskom's transition from coal-powered plants towards renewable Independent Power Producers. The discussion reviews the impact of ...
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KayaFM 95.9 Interview
Interview about the international implications of the US trade war with China and the impact on international law and trade. The discussion reviews the impact ...
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NWU-PESA Land Reform Seminar
The seminar shared key strategies and findings on land reform in South Africa drawing from selected sectors and insights on the constitutional amendment to allow ...
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SAfm Interviews
Interview about the political economy impact of the ANC decision to pursue a consitutional amendment to allow expropriation of land without compensation. The discussion reviews ...
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BTUF Presentation
Presentation by Riaz Tayob an International Trade and Finance expert and friend of PESA. The presentation was delivered at the 2018 BRICS Trade Union Forum ...
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KayaFM 95.9 Interview
Interview about South Africa's membership in BRICS and the key gains for the country in the regional economic community. The discussion evaluates whether South Africa ...
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eNCA
Interview about trade relations between China and South Africa. The discussion evaluates Chinese investments in South Africa and their development impact. The interview also reviews ...
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Political Economy Review: Turkey at the 2018 BRICS Summit
Interview about Turkey's participation in the 2018 BRICS Summit and what this means for South Africa. Although Turkey is not a member of BRICS, Turkish ...
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What to Expect at the 2018 BRICS Summit
Interview about the 2018 BRICS Summit and what to expect as the key outcomes of the Summit. The interview reviews the role of South Africa ...
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eNCA
Interview about 2018 BRICS Summit and what South Africa can achieve from it as the host. The interview reviews the gains from BRICS for South ...
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SABC News
Interview about the political economy and diplomatic relations between South Africa and Nigeria ahead of President Ramaphosa's visit to Nigeria. The interview discusses the current ...
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Political Economy Review: Unpacking the US-China Trade War
Interview about the potential consequences of the US trade war with China on South Africa. The discussion reviews the effects of the US tariffs on ...
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PESA Power987 Interview
Interview about the South African signing of the Continental Free Trade Area (CFTA) Agreement. The interview discussed the main reasons why South Africa only signed ...
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SAfm Interviews
Interview about the 1Q2018 employment growth numbers published by StatsSA. According to StatsSA non-agriculture formal employment increased by 56 000 quarter-on-quarter, from 9.78 million in ...
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SABC News
Interview about the current challenges faced by state-owned enterprises (SOEs) after Minister of Public Enterprises, Pravin Gordhan, delivered his pre-budget vote speech in parliament. The ...
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702
Interview about the impact on South Africa after the United States (US) increased import tariffs for steel and aluminium import to 25% and 10%. The ...
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eNCA
Interview about the World Bank's South Africa Economic Update which projects 1.0% growth for South Africa in 2018. The discussion also analysis the causes of ...
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702
Interview about the impact of South African VAT reforms on the poor. The discussion evaluates whether the VAT increase necessary and whether it is regressive ...
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PESA Power987 Interview
Interview about the Zambia's planned audit of all mining firms' tax compliance over the past six years. The interview also analyses the constraints that African ...
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Rural Transformation Journey of the Tshivhase Royal Council
We got to speak to His Majesty Mailausumbwa Midiyavhathu Prince Kennedy Tshivhase under the Traditional Leadership theme of the Land reform and Rural transformation campaign ...
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Rural Transformation Journey of the Vhembe District Municipality
We got to speak with Mr Mukundi Mushaphi from the Vhembe District Municipality under the Local Government theme of the Rural Transformation and Land Reform ...
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Land Restitution Journey of Kokoana Farming Enterprise
We got to speak with Mr Sechaba Lekabe and Mr Monwabisi Ngesman from Kokoana Farming Enterprise under the Business and International Trade theme of the ...
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BusinessDay TV
Interview about changes in Presidents in Angola, Zimbabwe and South Africa; their promises as they enter new terms; and approaches to dealing with corruption and ...
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PESA Power987 Interview
Interview about the SADC political economy outlook for 2018. The interview also analyses the impact of political uncertainty associated with upcoming elections in the DRC, ...
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Metro FM
Interview about the ZAR100bn Steinhoff losses at the JSE yesterday after its CEO resigned due to accounting irregularities after a German-led fraud investigation. The discussion ...
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eNCA
Interview about the recent Parliamentary debate motion by the South African Economic Freedom Fighters to nationalise all banks. The discussion unpacks the likelihoods of a ...
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Metro FM
Interview about the recent taxi strikes in Pretoria, the industry's grievances and the impact of the Apartheid legacies on South Africa's public transport system. The ...
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eNCA
Interview about the South African Minister of Finance Gigaba's 2017/18 Medium Term Budget Policy Statement (MTBPS). The discussion evaluates the Minister's ability to articulate a ...
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702
Interview about the South African Minister of Finance Gigaba's 2017/18 Medium Term Budget Policy Statement. The discussion evaluates the effectiveness of the statement to overcoming ...
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eNCA
Interview about the achievements and future of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) cooperation after the 9th BRICS Summit held in Xiamen during ...
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Journey with Nomsa Mazwai
We got to speak with Ms Nomsa Mazwai under the Social Activism theme of the Journey with the Women of SADC campaign. Ms Mazwai is ...
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Journey with Lerato Mataboge
We got to speak with Ms Nomsa Mazwai under the Social Activism theme of the Journey with the Women of SADC campaign. Ms Mazwai is ...
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eNCA
Interview about Tripartite Free Trade Area (TFTA) trade agreement between South Africa and 25 other African countries who are part of SADC, EAC and COMESA ...
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702
Interview about the South African Finance Minister Gigaba's proposal to selling off of Telkom and other non-core assets to finance the South African Airways R2 ...
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PESA Power987 Interview
Interview about the upcoming monetary policy decision by the South African Reserve Bank and what the monetary policy committee takes into account in its monetary ...
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702
Interview evaluating Finance Minister, Malusi Gigaba's 14-point plan to boost South Africa’s economy. The interview evaluates plans to deal with corruption and reform state-owned entities ...
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SABC 2
Interview contribution to the SABC 2 documentary series Once Upon a Country. Once Upon a Country commemorates South Africa's National Holidays. This edition of Season ...
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PESA Power987 Interview
Interview about the current economic state in South Africa and an evaluation of the SARB's monetary policy. The interview also discusses the monetary policy stance ...
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PESA Power987 Interview
Interview about the political economy of credit rating agencies and the current contradictions between the need for public investment and curtailing debt distress. The interview ...
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SABC 2
Interview contributions to the SABC 2 documentary series Once Upon a Country. Once Upon a Country commemorates South Africa's National Holidays. This edition of Season ...
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PESA CNBC Africa Interviews
Interview about the role of Fidel Castro in African politics and the apparent contemporary contradiction in his legacy. A reflection on the socialist struggle in ...
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PESA CNBC Africa Interviews
Interview about South Africa’s withdrawal from the ICC and implications for African democracy and governance. A reflection on the role of international law and regional ...
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South African Geographic Location
Geographic Location

South Africa occupies the southern tip of Africa and its coastline stretching more than 2,500 kilometres from the desert border with Namibia on the Atlantic coast, around the south-most tip of Africa, and around the northeast to the border with Mozambique on the Indian Ocean. The low-lying coastal zone is narrow and gives way to a mountainous escarpment, the Great Escarpment that separates the coast from the high-lying inland plateau. In some places, notably the province of KwaZulu-Natal in the east, a greater distance separates the coast from the escarpment. Although most of the country is classified as semi-arid, it has considerable variation in climate as well as topography.

The South African central plateau contains only two major rivers, namely the Limpopo and the Orange river which runs with a variable flow across the central landscape from east to west, emptying into the Atlantic Ocean at the Namibian border.

South African Cities
South African Cities
South African Coat Arms
Coat of Arms

The present South African coat of arms was introduced on Freedom Day, 27 April 2000, and replaced the earlier national arms, which had been in use since 1910. The change reflected government’s aim to highlight the democratic change in South Africa and a new sense of patriotism. The first element is the motto, in a green semicircle. The motto is: !ke e: /xarra //ke, which means “Diverse People Unite” in the Khoisan language of the /Xam people. It represents individual effort to harness the unity between thought and action. On a collective scale it calls for the nation to unite in a common sense of belonging and national pride – unity in diversity.

Completing the semicircle are two symmetrically placed pairs of elephant tusks pointing upwards. Within the oval shape formed by the tusks are two symmetrical ears of wheat that in turn frame a centrally placed gold shield. The ears of wheat are a symbol of fertility and the idea of germination, growth and the feasible development of any potential. Elephant tusks symbolise wisdom, strength, moderation and eternity. The shield represents a dual function as a vehicle for the display of identity and of spiritual defence. It contains the primary symbol of the nation.

The human figures of red ochre are depicted in an attitude of greeting, symbolising unity. This also represents the beginning of the individual’s transformation into the greater sense of belonging to the nation and by extension, collective humanity. The spear and knobkerrie (club) represent a dual symbol of defence and authority; and are lying down, which symbolises peace.

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