Republic of Rwanda

Political Economy Summary

Capital Kigali
Independence 1 July 1962
Head of State & Govt H.E. Paul Kagame
Prime Minister Édouard Ngirente
Minister of Foreign Affairs Richard Seziber
Minister of Finance Uzziel Ndagijimana
Central Bank Govenor John Rwangombwa
Next National Elections Date August 2024
Government Website
Parliament Website




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PESA Editorial - Rwanda - 3Q2018/19
In Rwanda, social cohesion and political structures disintegrated during the German occupation (1897-1916), followed by the Belgians (1916-1962). The history of systematic economic and political ...
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Click on a thumbnail below to view the latest PESA public engagements on issues relating to Rwanda.

PESA Power987 Interview
Interview reflecting on the economic and development achievements of Rwanda from the devastating genocide of 1994 to where the country is now. The interview examines ...
PESA Power987 Interview
Interview analysing the rising tensions after Rwanda prohibited Ugandan trucks from entering its territory and its citizens from cross the Katuna border which is the ...
PESA Power987 Interview
Interview about the 2017 French Presidential Elections and the future of Françafrique and the CFA Franc. The interview also analyses the political economy outlook and ...
Geographic Location

Rwanda is a country in Central and East Africa and one of the smallest countries on the African mainland. Located a few degrees south of the Equator, Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Rwanda is in the African Great Lakes region and is highly elevated; its geography is dominated by mountains in the west and savanna to the east, with numerous lakes throughout the country. The climate is temperate to subtropical, with two rainy seasons and two dry seasons each year.

Rwandan Cities
Rwandan Coat of Arms
National Seal

The seal of Rwanda is the national symbol and used by the government. It was restyled in 2001 to match the color scheme of the new national flag. The text reads “Republic of Rwanda – Unity, Work, Patriotism” in Kinyarwanda. The central tribal devices, a stem of sorghum, a branch of a coffee tree and a traditional basket are surmounted on a cog wheel with the sun with its rays above, while two typical Rwandan shields protects them, one on the right and one on the left. They are encircled by a square knot.

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