Political Economy Summary
|Independence||26 June 1960|
|Current Head of State||H.E. Andry Nirina Rajoelina|
|Current Head of Government||P.M. Christian Louis Ntsay|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs||Eloi Alphonse Maxime Dovo|
|Minister of Finance||Richard James Randriamandrato|
|Central Bank Govenor||Alain Hervé Rasolofondraibe|
|Next National Elections Date||2023|
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Madagascar is a large island in the Indian Ocean off the eastern coast of Southern Africa, east of Mozambique. It is the fourth largest island in the world. The capital Antananarivo is in the Hauts Plateaux near the centre of the island. Madagascar is 400 kilometres east of mainland Africa.
The Malagasy coat of arms includes an outline map of the island at the centre with two smaller islands nearby, Glorioso Islands and Tromelin Island, and below it the head of a zebu. Green and red rays emanate from the State’s map, making it look like the sun or the ravenala, a common plant in Madagascar.
The seal is surrounded by the Malagasy words, at the top: REPOBLIKAN’I MADAGASIKARA which means “Republic of Madagascar”; and at the base: TANINDRAZANA – FAHAFAHANA – FANDROSOANA meaning “Homeland – Liberty – Development”.
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