Kingdom of Lesotho

Kingdom of Lesotho

Political Economy Summary

Capital Maseru
Independence 4 October 1966
Head of State King Letsie III
Head of Government P.M. Thomas Thabane
Minister of Foreign Affairs Lesego Makgothi
Minister of Finance Moeketsi Majoro
Central Bank Govenor Retselisitsoe Adelaide Matlanyane
Next National Elections Date 2022
Government Website
Parliament Website




Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Editorial on Lesotho.

Trade and Regional Integration in Lesotho: FY2019/20
Lesotho's exports have grown consistently during the period from 2015 to 2018 even though the merchandise trade balance has not improve significantly. This has led ...
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GDP Growth and Public Finance in Lesotho: FY2019/20
Lesotho’s real GDP growth rate increased from an annual average of 1.8% from 2015/16 to 2017/18, to a projected 2.9% in FY2018/19. Real GDP growth ...
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Basotho Public Debt Sustainability
Lesotho is one of the Sub-Saharan countries that struggle with persistent annual fiscal deficit. From FY2015/16 to FY2017/18 the country’s deficit stood at an average ...
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PESA Editorial - Lesotho - 3Q2018/19
Political instability and conflict has become systematic in Lesotho since independence in 1966. The country attained independence under the leadership of Leabua Jonathan of the ...
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Click on a thumbnail below to view the latest PESA public engagements on issues relating to Lesotho.

PESA Power987 Interview
Interview reflecting on the regional impact of slow growth in South Africa and how it affects neighbouring countries in SADC and SACU. The interview examines ...
PESA Power987 Interview
Interview analysing the impact of the SADC Preventative Mission in the Kingdom of Lesotho (SAPMIL) and the possible implications of the opposition party pulling out ...
SAfm Interviews
Forum @8 interview about the lessons to be learned from the most recent political shifts in Zimbabwe. The discussion also looks at broader political economy ...
Tim Modise Network
Interview about the recent assassination of Lesotho’s army commander by two senior officers just three months after elections. The discussion focuses on instability following Lieutenant ...
Lesotho Geographic Location
Geographic Location

Lesotho is a mountainous, landlocked country located in Southern Africa. It is an enclave, surrounded by South Africa. The most notable geographic fact about Lesotho is that it is the only independent state in the world that lies entirely above 1,000 metres in elevation. Its lowest point is at 1,400 metres above sea-level, the highest lowest point of any country. Because of its elevation, Lesotho’s climate is cooler than in most other regions or countries at the same latitude.

Basotho Cities
Basotho Cities
Basotho Coat Arms
Coat of Arms

The Basotho coat of arms was adopted on 4 October 1968 following independence. The coat of arms contains a crocodile on a Basotho shield. This is the symbol of the dynasty of the Basotho. Behind the shield there are two crossed weapons, an assegai and a knobkerrie (club). To the left and right of the shield are supporters of the shield, two Basotho horses.

In the foreground there is a ribbon with the national motto of Lesotho: Khotso, Pula, Nala “Peace, Rain, Prosperity” in seSotho. The crocodile on the shield has been retained from the arms of Basutoland, the predecessor to Lesotho.

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