Kingdom of Lesotho

Lesotho is a mountainous, landlocked country located in Southern Africa. It is an enclave, surrounded by South Africa. The most notable geographic fact about Lesotho is that it is the only independent state in the world that lies entirely above 1,000 metres in elevation. Its lowest point is at 1,400 metres above sea-level, the highest lowest point of any country. Because of its elevation, Lesotho's climate is cooler than in most other regions or countries at the same latitude.

Geographic Location

Geographic Location

Main Cities and Towns

Main Cities and Towns

Political Economy Summary

Capital Maseru
Independence 4 October 1966
Current Head of State/Govt King Letsie III
Minister of Foreign Affairs Lesego Makhothi
Minister of Finance Dr Moeketsi Majoro
Central Bank Govenor Dr Retselisitsoe Adelaide Matlanyane
Next National Elections Date 2022
Government Website http://www.gov.ls/
Parliament Website http://www.parliament.ls/

Coat of Arms

Coat of Arms

 The Basotho coat of arms was adopted on 4 October 1968 following independence. The coat of arms contains a crocodile on a Basotho shield. This is the symbol of the dynasty of the Basotho. Behind the shield there are two crossed weapons, an assegai and a knobkerrie (club). To the left and right of the shield are supporters of the shield, two Basotho horses.

 

In the foreground there is a ribbon with the national motto of Lesotho: Khotso, Pula, Nala "Peace, Rain, Prosperity" in seSotho. The crocodile on the shield has been retained from the arms of Basutoland, the predecessor to Lesotho.