Republic of Kenya

Republic of Kenya

Political Economy Summary

Capital Nairobi
Independence 12 December 1963
Head of State & Govt H.E. Uhuru Kenyatta
Minister of Foreign Affairs Monica Juma
Minister of Finance Henry K. Rotich
Central Bank Govenor Patrick Ngugi Njoroge
Next National Elections Date 2022
Government Website
Parliament Website




Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Editorial on Kenya.

Kenyan Public Debt Sustainability
The downgrading of Kenya’s creditworthiness by global rating agency Moody’s in 2018; from B1 (seen as speculative and relatively risky) to B2 (judged to be ...
Read More
PESA Editorial - Kenyan - 3Q2018/19
The post-election violence experienced in Kenya following a widely disputed election in December 2007 was unprecedented both in terms of scale and intensity. Over 1000 ...
Read More
PESA Editorial - Kenya - 2Q2018/19
Since the establishment of diplomatic relations between Kenya and China in 1963, the relationship between the two countries have grown impressively. The relationship strengthened starting ...
Read More
Kenya Land Reform and Rural Transformation Overview
The process of land reform has become highly politicised to the extent that it is threatening to derail the country’s economic development. In Kenya, land ...
Read More
PESA Editorial - Kenya - 1Q2017/18
As a high growth nation (HGN) Kenya continues to attract interest from foreign investors and institutions alike, in search of investment opportunities within emerging markets ...
Read More




Click on a thumbnail below to view the latest PESA public engagements on issues relating to Kenya.

PESA Power987 Interview
Interview analysing the impact and cause of strikes over labour disputes at Kenya's Jomo Kenyatta International Airport. The discussion evaluates the impact and causes of ...
KayaFM 95.9 Interview
Interview about the international implications of the US trade war with China and the impact on international law and trade. The discussion reviews the impact ...
Africa Business Report segment looking recent developments in Zimbabwe, Libya and Kenya. The interview discusses the resignation of Robert Mugabe and the implications for Zimbabwe ...
PESA Power987 Interview
Interview about the 2017 Kenya general elections outcome and the contestation of the results by the NASA opposition led by Raila Odinga. The interview discusses ...
Kenya Geographic Location
Geographic Location

Kenya is a country in East Africa with a coastline on the Indian Ocean, which contains swamps of East African mangroves, and broad plains and numerous hills on inlands. Central and Western Kenya is characterised by the Kenyan Rift Valley which is home to Kenya’s highest mountain, Mount Kenya and Mount Elgon on the border between Kenya and Uganda. The Kakamega Forest in western Kenya is a relic of an East African rainforest. In addition there is Mau Forest, the largest forest complex in East Africa.

Kenyan Cities
Kenyan Cities
Kenyan Coat Arms
Coat of Arms

The Kenyan coat of arms features two lions which symbolise protection, holding spears and a traditional East African shield. The shield and spears symbolise unity and defence of freedom. The shield contains the national colours: black which represents the people of Kenya, green represents agriculture and natural resources, red represents the struggle for freedom, and white for unity and peace.

According to the Luo and Luhya traditions, the rooster is the only domestic fowl that announces the dawn of a new day signaling the time to wake up and begins work before the dawn. The rooster is also one of the few animals that seldom moves backwards. Therefore, the rooster holding an axe while moving forward portrays authority, the will to work, success, and the break of a new dawn. It is also the symbol of Kenya Africa National Union (KANU) party which led the country to independence.

The shield and lions stand on a silhouette of Mount Kenya with examples of Kenyan agricultural commodities in the foreground, such as coffee, pyrethrum, sisal, tea, maize and pineapples. The coat of arms also features a ribbon with: Harambee written on it which means “pulling together” or “all for one, and one for all”. It is also the chant of fishermen as they draw their nets towards the shore. The same word is echoed by everyone when a collective effort is made for the common good, such as helping a family in need, or the construction of a school or a church.

Follow PESA Online

Follow us on some of your favourite social media.

Contact Us

Please complete the General Enquiry form and submit it to us for a response. Please use the subject “Media” for all media-related requests.