Political Economy Summary
|Independence||12 December 1963|
|Head of State & Govt||H.E. Uhuru Kenyatta|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs||Monica Juma|
|Minister of Finance||Ukur Yatani Kanacho|
|Central Bank Govenor||Patrick Ngugi Njoroge|
|Next National Elections Date||2022|
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Kenya is a country in East Africa with a coastline on the Indian Ocean, which contains swamps of East African mangroves, and broad plains and numerous hills on inlands. Central and Western Kenya is characterised by the Kenyan Rift Valley which is home to Kenya’s highest mountain, Mount Kenya and Mount Elgon on the border between Kenya and Uganda. The Kakamega Forest in western Kenya is a relic of an East African rainforest. In addition there is Mau Forest, the largest forest complex in East Africa.
The Kenyan coat of arms features two lions which symbolise protection, holding spears and a traditional East African shield. The shield and spears symbolise unity and defence of freedom. The shield contains the national colours: black which represents the people of Kenya, green represents agriculture and natural resources, red represents the struggle for freedom, and white for unity and peace.
According to the Luo and Luhya traditions, the rooster is the only domestic fowl that announces the dawn of a new day signaling the time to wake up and begins work before the dawn. The rooster is also one of the few animals that seldom moves backwards. Therefore, the rooster holding an axe while moving forward portrays authority, the will to work, success, and the break of a new dawn. It is also the symbol of Kenya Africa National Union (KANU) party which led the country to independence.
The shield and lions stand on a silhouette of Mount Kenya with examples of Kenyan agricultural commodities in the foreground, such as coffee, pyrethrum, sisal, tea, maize and pineapples. The coat of arms also features a ribbon with: Harambee written on it which means “pulling together” or “all for one, and one for all”. It is also the chant of fishermen as they draw their nets towards the shore. The same word is echoed by everyone when a collective effort is made for the common good, such as helping a family in need, or the construction of a school or a church.
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