Republic of Ghana

Republic of Ghana

Political Economy Summary

Capital Accra
Independence 6 March 1957
Head of State & Govt H.E. Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo
Minister of Foreign Affairs Shirley Ayorkor Botchway
Minister of Finance Ken Ofori-Atta
Central Bank Govenor Ernest Addison
Next National Elections Date 2020
Government Website
Parliament Website




Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Editorial on Ghana.

PESA Editorial - Ghana - 3Q2018/19
Ghana was historically a British colony known as the Gold Coast. On gaining independence in 1957, the country was renamed Ghana, with the first republic ...
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PESA Editorial - Ghana - 2Q2018/19
For centuries trade has been the driver in the discovery of new worlds across the globe. Many European countries ventured into dangerous expeditions in search ...
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Ghana Land Reform and Rural Tranformation Overview
Ghana has tried to fuse the western style of democratic governance with African traditional administration to create a unique political regime based on democratic rule ...
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Impact of Political Uncertainty on Ghanaian Growth
Ghana once again successfully and peacefully transferred political power from the National Democratic Congress – which was in power from 2008 to 2016 – to ...
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Click on a thumbnail below to view the latest PESA public engagements on issues relating to Ghana.

PESA Power987 Interview
Interview analysing the impact of Chinese owned boats trawling the Ghanaian coast following a report by the Environmental Justice Foundation (EJF) detailed how Chinese involvement ...
Ghana Geographic Location
Geographic Location

Ghana is located along the Gulf of Guinea in the West Africa region. Ghana is bordered by the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo in the east and the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean in the south. Ghana’s terrain is dominated by grasslands mixed with south coastal shrublands and forests, with forest extending northward from the south-west coast of Ghana and eastward for a maximum of about 270 kilometres. The Kingdom of Ashanti or the southern part of Ghana is a primary location for mining of industrial minerals and timber.

Ghanaian Cities
Ghanaian Cities
Ghanaian Coat Arms
Coat of Arms

The Ghanaian coat of arms features a sword used by chiefs, and a staff, used by the linguist (known as an okyeame in Akan), at ceremonies on the first quarter of the shield, on the upper left. The second quarter shows a representation of Osu Castle on the sea, the presidential palace on the Gulf of Guinea, symbolizes the national government. The third quarter of the shield shows a cacao tree, which embodies the agricultural wealth of Ghana. The fourth quarter shows a gold mine, which stands for the richness of industrial minerals and natural resources in Ghana.

The centre of the shield has a gold lion on a green St George’s Cross with gold fimbriation on the field of blue, which represents the continuing link between Ghana and the Commonwealth of Nations. The crest is a Black star of Africa with gold outline, upon a torse in the national colours. Supporting the shield are two golden Tawny eagles, with the Order of the Star of Ghana suspended from their necks. The compartment upon which the supporters stand is composed of a grassy field, under which a scroll bears the national motto of Ghana: Freedom and Justice.

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