Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

Political Economy Summary

Capital Addis Ababa
Independence N/A
Head of State H.E. Abiy Ahmed
Head of Government H.E. Sahle-Work Zewde
Minister of Foreign Affairs Gedu Andargachew
Minister of Finance Ahmed Shide
Central Bank Govenor Yinager Dessie
Next National Elections Date 2020
Government Website
Parliament Website




Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Editorial on Ethiopia.

Array Trade and Regional Integration in Ethiopia: FY2019/20

Trade and Regional Integration in Ethiopia: FY2019/20

Ethiopian exports have been volatile and declined during the period from 2015 to 2018. This decline in exports has not led to a significant deterioration ...
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Array GDP Growth and Public Finance in Ethiopia: FY2019/20

GDP Growth and Public Finance in Ethiopia: FY2019/20

Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth in Ethiopia is projected to have declined to 8.5% in 2018/19 from an average of 8.8% from 2015/16 to ...
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Array PESA Editorial - Ethiopia - 3Q2018/19

History of Conflict and its Impact on Ethiopian Development

The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia is a relatively stable country with positive indications on economic growth and development across its various sectors. Ethiopia has ...
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Click on a thumbnail below to view the latest PESA public engagements on issues relating to Ethiopia.

Array PESA Power987 Interview

2017 Political Economy Outlook: Ethiopia

Interview about the current and historical state of Ethiopia as part of the 2017 Africa Day commemoration. The discussion focuses on Ethiopia’s political economy, current ...
Geographic Location

Ethiopia is a country in the northeastern part of Africa, popularly known as the Horn of Africa. It shares borders with Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northwest, and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south. Ethiopia is the most populous landlocked country in the world and the second-most populous nation on the African continent. Its capital and largest city is Addis Ababa.

Ethiopian Cities
National Emblem

The emblem of Ethiopia has been in its current form since 1996. It contains a yellow interlaced pentagram radiating rays of light on a blue shield. Today, the pentagram stands for the unity of the people and nationality of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. The Emblem appears in the centre of the flag of Ethiopia. Prior to 1975, the coat of arms of the Ethiopian Empire was used. In 1975, an earlier version of the emblem of Ethiopia was adopted, consisting of a plow on a yellow sunburst surrounded by a wreath. It was associated with the Derg regime.

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