Kingdom of Swaziland

Kingdom of eSwatini

Political Economy Summary

Capital Mbabane
Independence 6 September 1968
Head of State & Govt King Mswati III & Ntfombi Tfwala
Prime Minister P.M. Ambrose Mandvulo Dlamini
Minister of Foreign Affairs Thuli Dladla
Minister of Finance Neal Rijkenberg
Central Bank Govenor Majozi Sithole
Next National Elections Date 2023
Government Website
Parliament Website




Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Editorial on eSwatini.

Balance of Payments and International FDI Position in eSwatini: FY2019/20
eSwatini’s merchandise export earnings have been volatile since 2016. The fluctuations in export earnings have deteriorated eSwatini’s balance of payments and gross official reserves. The ...
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Trade and Regional Integration in eSwatini: FY2019/20
Exports from eSwatini have been growing slower than imports during the period from 2015 to 2018. This has not led to any significant deterioration of ...
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eSwatini Land Reform and Rural Transformation Overview
The Kingdom of eSwatini is a small, landlocked Southern African country bordered by the Republic of Mozambique to the east and surrounded by the Republic ...
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Impact of Political Uncertainty on Swazi Growth
The Kingdom of Swaziland is a predominantly rural, landlocked monarchy with a population of less than 1.2 million citizens. Swaziland differs from most post-colonial African ...
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Click on a thumbnail below to view the latest PESA public engagements on issues relating to eSwatini.

PESA Power987 Interview
Interview reflecting on the regional impact of slow growth in South Africa and how it affects neighbouring countries in SADC and SACU. The interview examines ...
SAfm Interviews
Forum @8 interview about the lessons to be learned from the most recent political shifts in Zimbabwe. The discussion also looks at broader political economy ...
Swaziland Geographic Location
Geographic Location

eSwatini is a country in Southern Africa, lying between Mozambique and South Africa. The major regions of the country are Lowveld, Midveld and Highveld. The terrain largely consists of mountains and hills, with some moderately sloping plains. The lowest point is the Great Usutu River, at 21 metres, and the highest is Emlembe, at 1,862 metres.

As a landlocked country, eSwatini has neither coastline nor maritime claims. In terms of land boundaries, Swaziland shares approximately two thirds of its boundary border with South Africa and about a third with Mozambique to the east.

Swazi Cities
Swazi Cities
Swazi Coat Arms
Coat of Arms

The Swati coat of arms depicts various symbols for traditional eSwatini culture. The lion represents the King and the elephant represents the Queen-mother. They support a traditional Nguni shield which represents protection. Above the shield is the king’s lidlabe, or crown of feathers, normally worn during iNcwala which is Swaziland’s most important cultural event. iNcwala is long rite including a festival of harvest, spiritual cleansing and renewal, and celebrating kingship. On a banner below the shield is the Swaziland national motto: Siyinqaba which means “We are the Fortress” is siSwati.

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