Democratic Republic of Congo

Democratic Republic of Congo

Political Economy Summary

Capital Kinshasa
Independence 30 June 1960
Head of State H.E. Félix Antoine Tshisekedi Tshilombo
Head of Government P.M. Sylvestre Ilunga Ilukamb
Minister of Foreign Affairs Léonard She Okitundu Lundula
Minister of Finance Henri Yav Mulang
Central Bank Govenor Deogratias Mutombo Mwana Nyembo
Next National Elections Date 2023
Government Website
Parliament Website




Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Editorial on the DRC.

Array Trade and Regional Integration in the DRC: FY2019/20

Trade and Regional Integration in the DRC: FY2019/20

The DRC’s exports have been growing faster than imports during the period from 2015 to 2018. This has slowed the deterioration of gross official foreign ...
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Array PESA Editorial - DRC - 1Q2017/18

Impact of Slow Global Growth on the DRC

Despite the abundance of mineral resources in the DRC, the country has struggled to curb rising levels of poverty and unemployment. Additionally, falling global commodity ...
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Array A “round up” on the ending financial previous year

DRC 2016 Political Economy Review

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is the second largest country on the continent and has the third largest population in Africa. The DRC is ...
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Click on a thumbnail below to view the latest PESA public engagements on issues relating to the DRC.

Array PESA Power987 Interview

Political Economy Review: Rwanda-Uganda Relations and DRC Conflict

Interview analysing the rising tensions after Rwanda prohibited Ugandan trucks from entering its territory and its citizens from cross the Katuna border which is the ...
Array PESA Power987 Interview

Political Economy Review: DRC’s Mining Reforms

Interview about the DRC's 2018 mining sector reforms including the voiding of existings agreements which will increase their operational costs. Faced with great civil unrest ...
Array PESA Power987 Interview

Political Economy Review: DRC 2018

Interview about the Internet and SMS shutdown in the DRC ahead of the national elections which have been delayed since 2016. The interview analyses the ...
Array PESA Power987 Interview

Political Economy Outlook: SADC 2018

Interview about the SADC political economy outlook for 2018. The interview also analyses the impact of political uncertainty associated with upcoming elections in the DRC, ...
DRC Geographic Location
Geographic Location

The Democratic Republic of the Congo is by the Congo River Basin, which covers an area of almost 1,000,000 square kilometres. The country’s only outlet to the Atlantic Ocean is a narrow strip of land on the north bank of the Congo River.

The vast, low-lying central area is a plateau-shaped basin sloping toward the west, covered by tropical rainforest and crisscrossed by rivers. A large portion of this area has been categorised by the World Wildlife Fund as the Central Congolese lowland forests eco-region. The forest centre is surrounded by mountainous terraces in the west, plateaus merging into savannahs in the south and southwest. Dense grasslands extend beyond the Congo River in the north. High mountains of the Ruwenzori Range (some above 5,000 m) are found on the eastern borders with Rwanda and Uganda.

Congolese Cities
Congolese Cities
Congolese Coat Arms
Coat of Arms

The Congolese coat arms has changed several times since 1997. The current one was introduced in 2006 and depicts a leopard head, surrounded by an elephant tusk to the left and a spear to the right. Below are the three words which make up the national motto: Justice, Paix, Travail which means “Justice, Peace, Work” in French. The current coat of arms was adopted by President Joseph Kabila on 18 February 2006.

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