Republic of Botswana

Republic of Botswana

Political Economy Summary

Capital Gaborone
Independence 30 September 1966
Head of State & Govt H.E. Mokgweetsi Masisi
Minister of Foreign Affairs Unity Dow
Minister of Finance Ontefetse Kenneth Matambo
Central Bank Govenor Moses Dinekere Pelaelo
Next National Elections Date October 2019
Government Website
Parliament Website




Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Editorial on Botswana.

PESA Editorial - Botswana - 2Q2018/19
Despite the abundance of natural resources, numerous African countries found development difficult to attain following their independence due to low levels of external investment, governance ...
Read More
Botswana Land Reform and Rural Transformation Overview
Increased globalisation and unpredictable weather patterns have left many rural livelihoods more exposed to external shocks. Agricultural-based rural livelihoods are typically under-resourced, have low productivity ...
Read More
Impact of Political Uncertainty on Batswana Growth
This September 2017 PESA Editorial focuses on political uncertainty and its impact on economic growth in Botswana. The issue looks at: what is the current ...
Read More
The focus for this quarter (1Q2017/18) is slow economic growth i
The SADC region experienced decline in growth rates in 2015 and 2016. When delivering his 2017/18 budget speech, Motswana Finance Minister, Kenneth Matambo, highlighted that ...
Read More
PESA Editorial - Botswana - 1Q2017/18
Botswana has extensive trade relations with multiple countries. The most prominent trade agreements are the Southern African Customs Union (SACU), the Interim Economic Partnership Agreement ...
Read More
PESA Editorial - Botswana - 1Q2017/18
The economy of Botswana is largely dependent on the regional economy, particularly the Southern African Customs Union (SACU), and global demand from the EU. The ...
Read More




Click on a thumbnail below to view the latest PESA public engagements on issues relating to Botswana.

PESA Power987 Interview
Interview reflecting on the regional impact of slow growth in South Africa and how it affects neighbouring countries in SADC and SACU. The interview examines ...
PESA Power987 Interview
Interview about the recent discovery of the second-largest diamond which was discovered in Botswana and measured at 1,758-carats. The interview reviews why Botswana has not ...
Botswana Geographic Location
Geographic Location

Botswana is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa, north of South Africa. Botswana has land boundaries shared with Namibia to the west, South Africa to the south-east, Zimbabwe and Zambia to the north-east. Much of the population of Botswana is concentrated in the eastern part of the country.

Batswana Cities
Batswana Cities
Batswana Coat Arms
Coat of Arms

The Batswana coat of arms was adopted on January 25, 1966. The centre shield is supported by two zebras. On the top portion of the shield are three cogwheels that represent industry. The three waves symbolise water and rain, or in pula seTswana, which also means good luck and is the name of the nation’s currency. Pula, which is also found on the bottom ribbon of the coat of arms, represents the importance of water to Batswana.

At the bottom of the shield there is a head of cattle, which symbolises the importance of cattle herding in Botswana. The two zebras also symbolise the importance of wildlife, through tourism, in the national economy. Also, zebras have black and white stripes which represents equality of people of all colors in Botswana. The zebra on the right holds an ear of sorghum, an important crop in the nation. The zebra on the left holds a tusk of ivory, symbolic of the former ivory trade in Botswana. There is also a view that the ivory tusk represents wild life preservation. Botswana has one of the highest elephant populations in Africa.

Follow PESA Online

Follow us on some of your favourite social media.

Contact Us

Please complete the General Enquiry form and submit it to us for a response. Please use the subject “Media” for all media-related requests.