Political Economy Summary
|Independence||18 April 1980|
|Head of State & Govt||H.E. Emmerson Mnangagwa|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs||Sibusiso Busi Moyo|
|Minister of Finance||Mthuli Ncube|
|Central Bank Govenor||John Panonetsa Mangudya|
|Next National Elections Date||2023|
Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Editorial regarding Zimbabwe.
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Jephias is a Senior Analyst at PESA.
Zimbabwe is a landlocked country in southern Africa lying wholly within the tropics. The country has borders with Botswana to the southwest, Mozambique to the east, South Africa to the south, Zambia to the north, and meets Namibia at its westernmost point. It straddles an extensive high inland plateau that drops northwards to the Zambezi valley along the border with Zambia; and similarly drops southwards to the Limpopo valley and the border with South Africa.
The Zimbabwean highlands are renowned for their great natural beauty, with famous tourist destinations such as Nyanga, Troutbeck, Chimanimani, Vumba and Chirinda Forest at Mount Selinda. About 20% of the country consists of low-lying areas (the low veld) less than 900m above sea-level. Mosi-oa-Tunya (Victoria Falls), one of the world’s biggest and most spectacular waterfalls, is located in the country’s extreme northwest and is part of the Zambezi river.
The Zimbabwean coat of arms was adopted on was adopted on 21 September 1981 to replace the former Coat of arms of Rhodesia. The coat of arms depicts two Kudus on the left and right, each standing on top of an earthly mound composed of stalks of wheat, a pile of cotton, and a head of maize. At their feet there is also a ribbon with the Zimbabwean national motto: Unity, Freedom, Work.
The coat of arms has a green shield with 14 alternating waves of white and blue lines at top. The centre of the shield also depicts the ancient Kingdom of Great Zimbabwe. Behind the shield, the coat of arms also features an agricultural hoe to the left and an AK-47 assault rifle to the right. The coat of arms also has a gold and green wreath and the crest features the Zimbabwe Bird on a Red Star background.
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