Republic of Zimbabwe

Republic of Zimbabwe

Political Economy Summary

Capital Harare
Independence 18 April 1980
Head of State & Govt H.E. Emmerson Mnangagwa
Minister of Foreign Affairs Sibusiso Busi Moyo
Minister of Finance Mthuli Ncube
Central Bank Govenor John Panonetsa Mangudya
Next National Elections Date 2023
Government Website
Parliament Website


Political Economy

Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Editorial regarding Zimbabwe.

Balance of Payments and International FDI Position in Zimbabwe: FY2019/20
Zimbabwean merchandise export earnings have been growing consistently since 2016. The faster growth in export earnings has not been sufficient to improve Zimbabwe’s current account ...
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Trade and Regional Integration in Zimbabwe: FY2019/20
Zimbabwean exports have been growing consistently during the period from 2015 to 2018. This has had a short-term negative impact on gross official reserves due ...
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PESA Editorial - Zimbabwe - 2Q2018/19
Zimbabwe and China share a mutually beneficial relationship based on diplomacy and bilateral trade. This is derived from China’s willingness in Sino-African relations to develop ...
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Impact of Political Uncertainty on Zimbabwean Growth
A combination of political instability, economic mismanagement, economic sanctions and arguably hostile relations with major developed countries, has led to a collapse of the Zimbabwean ...
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Regional Integration

Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Regional Integration Monitor relating to Zimbabwe.

Climate Change and Adaptation in SADC
The April 2020 issue focuses on assessing the impact of climate change and evaluating the effectiveness of regional systems and national responses to the crisis ...
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Youth Unemployment and Empowerment in SADC
The July 2019 issue focuses on providing an overview of youth empowerment in SADC - What is the current state of youth unemployment and youth ...
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Public Debt and Government Finances in SADC
The April 2019 issue focuses on providing an overview of public debt in SADC and what needs to be done to retain debt sustainability in ...
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Political Conflict and Development in SADC
The January 2019 issue focuses on the history of conflict and political instability in SADC, and its impact on economic growth and development - What is ...
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Policy Dialogues

Click on a thumbnail below to view the latest PESA public engagements on issues relating to Zimbabwe.

Importance of Lesotho and South African Bilateral Relations
Interview about the importance of the bilateral relations between Lesotho and South Africa following Prime Minister Moeketsi Majoro's working visit to Pretoria. The discussion evaluates ...
Political Economy Review: Zimbabwe's Economic Crisis
Interview reflecting on the impact of sanctions on the Zimbabwean economy and whether the projected growth rate of 3.1% in 2019 is likely to be ...
Political Economy Review: SACU and SADC in 2019
Interview reflecting on the regional impact of slow growth in South Africa and how it affects neighbouring countries in SADC and SACU. The interview examines ...
Political Economy Review: Zimbabwean Recovery
Interview about the current context of land reform and monetary policy in Zimbabwe. The interview looks at the process that led to economic sanctions against ...


Country Expert

Jephias Mapuva

Jephias is a Senior Analyst at PESA.

Zimbabwe Geographic Location
Geographic Location

Zimbabwe is a landlocked country in southern Africa lying wholly within the tropics. The country has borders with Botswana to the southwest, Mozambique to the east, South Africa to the south, Zambia to the north, and meets Namibia at its westernmost point. It straddles an extensive high inland plateau that drops northwards to the Zambezi valley along the border with Zambia; and similarly drops southwards to the Limpopo valley and the border with South Africa.

The Zimbabwean highlands are renowned for their great natural beauty, with famous tourist destinations such as Nyanga, Troutbeck, Chimanimani, Vumba and Chirinda Forest at Mount Selinda. About 20% of the country consists of low-lying areas (the low veld) less than 900m above sea-level. Mosi-oa-Tunya (Victoria Falls), one of the world’s biggest and most spectacular waterfalls, is located in the country’s extreme northwest and is part of the Zambezi river.

Zimbabwean Cities
Zimbabwean Cities
Zimbabwean Coat Arms
Coat of Arms

The Zimbabwean coat of arms was adopted on was adopted on 21 September 1981 to replace the former Coat of arms of Rhodesia. The coat of arms depicts two Kudus on the left and right, each standing on top of an earthly mound composed of stalks of wheat, a pile of cotton, and a head of maize. At their feet there is also a ribbon with the Zimbabwean national motto: Unity, Freedom, Work.

The coat of arms has a green shield with 14 alternating waves of white and blue lines at top. The centre of the shield also depicts the ancient Kingdom of Great Zimbabwe. Behind the shield, the coat of arms also features an agricultural hoe to the left and an AK-47 assault rifle to the right. The coat of arms also has a gold and green wreath and the crest features the Zimbabwe Bird on a Red Star background.

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