United Republic of Tanzania

United Republic of Tanzania

Political Economy Summary

Capital Dar es Salaam
Independence 9 December 1961
Head of State & Govt H.E. John Pombe Magufuli
Prime Minister P.M. Kassim Majaliwa Majaliwa
Minister of Foreign Affairs Suzan Kolimba
Minister of Finance Philip Mpango
Central Bank Govenor Florens Luoga
Next National Elections Date October 2020
Government Website
Parliament Website


Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Editorial regarding Tanzania.

Balance of Payments and International FDI Position in Tanzania: FY2019/20
Tanzanian merchandise trade exports have decreased consistently since 2016. The slower export earnings have deteriorated Tanzania’s current account balance. The balance of payments has deteriorated ...
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Trade and Regional Integration in Tanzania: FY2019/20
Tanzanian merchandise trade imports have been decrease faster than exports during the period from 2015 to 2018. This has improved Tanzania’s gross official reserves supported ...
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GDP Growth and Public Finance in Tanzania: FY2019/20
Tanzania’s real GDP growth is projected to have declined slightly from the annual average of 6.3% from 2015/16 to 2017/18, to 6.2% in 2018/19. In ...
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Tanzanian Public Debt Sustainability
The Ministry of Finance in Tanzania defines public debt as the outstanding obligations for which the central government, local government or government entities are responsible ...
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Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Regional Integration Monitor relating to Tanzania.

Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic in SADC
The July 2020 issue focuses on assessing the impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) and evaluates the readiness and gaps in the region's public capacity; and ...
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Climate Change and Adaptation in SADC
The April 2020 issue focuses on assessing the impact of climate change and evaluating the effectiveness of regional systems and national responses to the crisis ...
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Youth Unemployment and Empowerment in SADC
The July 2019 issue focuses on providing an overview of youth empowerment in SADC - What is the current state of youth unemployment and youth ...
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Public Debt and Government Finances in SADC
The April 2019 issue focuses on providing an overview of public debt in SADC and what needs to be done to retain debt sustainability in ...
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Click on a thumbnail below to view the latest PESA Policy Dialogues on issues relating to Tanzania.

Political Economy Review: 2018 Africa Development Dynamics Report
Interview analysing the African Union's 2018 Africa Development Dynamics report. The discussion evaluates the growth and development achievements of the East African countries compared to ...
Political Economy Review: Tanzanian Tax Reform
Interview about the Tanzanian President Magufuli's strong stance against corruption and tax evasion. The discussion evaluates the necessity of the Tanzanian stance, analyses the investors' ...


Tanzania Geographic Location
Geographic Location

Tanzania shares its borders with Kenya and Uganda to the north; Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west; and Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south. Tanzania is located on the eastern coast of Africa and has an Indian Ocean coastline approximately 800 kilometres long. It also incorporates several offshore islands, including Unguja (Zanzibar), Pemba, and Mafia. The country is the site of Africa’s highest and lowest points: Mount Kilimanjaro, at 5,895 metres above sea level, and the floor of Lake Tanganyika, at 352 metres below sea level.

Tanzania is mountainous and densely forested in the northeast, where Mount Kilimanjaro is located. Three of Africa’s Great Lakes are partly within Tanzania. To the north and west lie Lake Victoria, Africa’s largest lake; Lake Tanganyika, the continent’s deepest lake known for its unique species of fish; to the southwest lies Lake Nyasa. Central Tanzania is a large plateau, with plains and arable land. The eastern shore is hot and humid with the Zanzibar Archipelago just offshore.

The Kalambo water falls in the southwestern region of Rukwa are the second highest uninterrupted fall in Africa and are located near the southeastern shore of Lake Tanganyika on the border with Zambia. The Menai Bay Conservation Area is Zanzibar’s largest marine protected area.

Tanzanian Cities
Tanzanian Cities
Tanzanian Coat Arms
Coat of Arms

The Tanzanian coat of arms comprises a warrior’s shield which bears a golden portion on the upper part above the Flag of Tanzania. It was designed by Mr. Jeremiah Wisdom Kabati, at Bwiru Mwanza in 1961. The golden portion represents minerals in the United Republic; the red portion underneath the flag symbolises the rich fertile soil of Africa; and the wavy bands represent the land, sea, lakes and coastal lines of the United Republic.

In the golden part of the flag, there appears a burning torch signifying freedom, enlightenment and knowledge. The spear signifies defence of freedom and crossed axe and hoe being tools that the people of Tanzania use in developing the country.

The shield stands upon the representation of Mount Kilimanjaro. Elephant tusks are supported by a man and a woman, with a clove bush at the feet of the man and a cotton bush at the feet of the woman (whose head is covered with a golden scarf) symbolising co-operation.

The United Republic’s motto is written below: Uhuru na Umoja which means “Freedom and Unity” in kiSwahili.

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