Political Economy Summary
|Capital||Dar es Salaam|
|Independence||9 December 1961|
|Head of State & Govt||H.E. John Pombe Magufuli|
|Prime Minister||P.M. Kassim Majaliwa Majaliwa|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs||Suzan Kolimba|
|Minister of Finance||Philip Mpango|
|Central Bank Govenor||Florens Luoga|
|Next National Elections Date||October 2020|
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Tanzania shares its borders with Kenya and Uganda to the north; Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west; and Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south. Tanzania is located on the eastern coast of Africa and has an Indian Ocean coastline approximately 800 kilometres long. It also incorporates several offshore islands, including Unguja (Zanzibar), Pemba, and Mafia. The country is the site of Africa’s highest and lowest points: Mount Kilimanjaro, at 5,895 metres above sea level, and the floor of Lake Tanganyika, at 352 metres below sea level.
Tanzania is mountainous and densely forested in the northeast, where Mount Kilimanjaro is located. Three of Africa’s Great Lakes are partly within Tanzania. To the north and west lie Lake Victoria, Africa’s largest lake; Lake Tanganyika, the continent’s deepest lake known for its unique species of fish; to the southwest lies Lake Nyasa. Central Tanzania is a large plateau, with plains and arable land. The eastern shore is hot and humid with the Zanzibar Archipelago just offshore.
The Kalambo water falls in the southwestern region of Rukwa are the second highest uninterrupted fall in Africa and are located near the southeastern shore of Lake Tanganyika on the border with Zambia. The Menai Bay Conservation Area is Zanzibar’s largest marine protected area.
The Tanzanian coat of arms comprises a warrior’s shield which bears a golden portion on the upper part above the Flag of Tanzania. It was designed by Mr. Jeremiah Wisdom Kabati, at Bwiru Mwanza in 1961. The golden portion represents minerals in the United Republic; the red portion underneath the flag symbolises the rich fertile soil of Africa; and the wavy bands represent the land, sea, lakes and coastal lines of the United Republic.
In the golden part of the flag, there appears a burning torch signifying freedom, enlightenment and knowledge. The spear signifies defence of freedom and crossed axe and hoe being tools that the people of Tanzania use in developing the country.
The shield stands upon the representation of Mount Kilimanjaro. Elephant tusks are supported by a man and a woman, with a clove bush at the feet of the man and a cotton bush at the feet of the woman (whose head is covered with a golden scarf) symbolising co-operation.
The United Republic’s motto is written below: Uhuru na Umoja which means “Freedom and Unity” in kiSwahili.
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