Political Economy Summary
|Independence||1 July 1962|
|Head of State & Govt||H.E. Paul Kagame|
|Prime Minister||Édouard Ngirente|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs||Vincent Biruta|
|Minister of Finance||Uzziel Ndagijimana|
|Central Bank Govenor||John Rwangombwa|
|Next National Elections Date||August 2024|
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Rwanda is a country in Central and East Africa and one of the smallest countries on the African mainland. Located a few degrees south of the Equator, Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Rwanda is in the African Great Lakes region and is highly elevated; its geography is dominated by mountains in the west and savanna to the east, with numerous lakes throughout the country. The climate is temperate to subtropical, with two rainy seasons and two dry seasons each year.
The seal of Rwanda is the national symbol and used by the government. It was restyled in 2001 to match the color scheme of the new national flag. The text reads “Republic of Rwanda – Unity, Work, Patriotism” in Kinyarwanda. The central tribal devices, a stem of sorghum, a branch of a coffee tree and a traditional basket are surmounted on a cog wheel with the sun with its rays above, while two typical Rwandan shields protects them, one on the right and one on the left. They are encircled by a square knot.
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