Kingdom of Lesotho

Kingdom of Lesotho

Political Economy Summary

Capital Maseru
Independence 4 October 1966
Head of State King Letsie III
Head of Government P.M. Thomas Thabane
Minister of Foreign Affairs Lesego Makgothi
Minister of Finance Moeketsi Majoro
Central Bank Govenor Retselisitsoe Adelaide Matlanyane
Next National Elections Date 2022
Government Website
Parliament Website


Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Editorial regarding Lesotho.

Balance of Payments and International FDI Position in Lesotho: FY2019/20
Lesotho's merchandise export earnings have grown consistently since 2015. The current account balance has been volatile despite the improvements in merchandise export earnings. The balance ...
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Trade and Regional Integration in Lesotho: FY2019/20
Lesotho's exports have grown consistently during the period from 2015 to 2018 even though the merchandise trade balance has not improve significantly. This has led ...
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GDP Growth and Public Finance in Lesotho: FY2019/20
Lesotho’s real GDP growth rate increased from an annual average of 1.8% from 2015/16 to 2017/18, to a projected 2.9% in FY2018/19. Real GDP growth ...
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Basotho Public Debt Sustainability
Lesotho is one of the Sub-Saharan countries that struggle with persistent annual fiscal deficit. From FY2015/16 to FY2017/18 the country’s deficit stood at an average ...
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Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Regional Integration Monitor relating to Lesotho.

Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic in SADC
The July 2020 issue focuses on assessing the impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) and evaluates the readiness and gaps in the region's public capacity; and ...
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Climate Change and Adaptation in SADC
The April 2020 issue focuses on assessing the impact of climate change and evaluating the effectiveness of regional systems and national responses to the crisis ...
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Trade and Regional Integration in SADC
The November 2019 issue focuses on providing an overview of trade performance in SADC – What are the levels of intra-regional trade in SADC? What ...
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Youth Unemployment and Empowerment in SADC
The July 2019 issue focuses on providing an overview of youth empowerment in SADC - What is the current state of youth unemployment and youth ...
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Click on a thumbnail below to view the latest PESA Policy Dialogues on issues relating to Lesotho.

Political Economy Review: South Africa 2021 Riots and Looting
Interview reflecting about the regional impact of the July 2021 riots and looting in South Africa on the SADC region. The interview looks at the ...
Importance of Lesotho and South African Bilateral Relations
Interview about the importance of the bilateral relations between Lesotho and South Africa following Prime Minister Moeketsi Majoro's working visit to Pretoria. The discussion evaluates ...
Political Economy Review: SACU and SADC in 2019
Interview reflecting on the regional impact of slow growth in South Africa and how it affects neighbouring countries in SADC and SACU. The interview examines ...
Political Economy Review: Basotho Opposition Pulls Out of SAPMIL
Interview analysing the impact of the SADC Preventative Mission in the Kingdom of Lesotho (SAPMIL) and the possible implications of the opposition party pulling out ...


Lesotho Geographic Location
Geographic Location

Lesotho is a mountainous, landlocked country located in Southern Africa. It is an enclave, surrounded by South Africa. The most notable geographic fact about Lesotho is that it is the only independent state in the world that lies entirely above 1,000 metres in elevation. Its lowest point is at 1,400 metres above sea-level, the highest lowest point of any country. Because of its elevation, Lesotho’s climate is cooler than in most other regions or countries at the same latitude.

Basotho Cities
Basotho Cities
Basotho Coat Arms
Coat of Arms

The Basotho coat of arms was adopted on 4 October 1968 following independence. The coat of arms contains a crocodile on a Basotho shield. This is the symbol of the dynasty of the Basotho. Behind the shield there are two crossed weapons, an assegai and a knobkerrie (club). To the left and right of the shield are supporters of the shield, two Basotho horses.

In the foreground there is a ribbon with the national motto of Lesotho: Khotso, Pula, Nala “Peace, Rain, Prosperity” in seSotho. The crocodile on the shield has been retained from the arms of Basutoland, the predecessor to Lesotho.

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