Republic of Kenya

Republic of Kenya

Political Economy Summary

Capital Nairobi
Independence 12 December 1963
Head of State & Govt H.E. Uhuru Kenyatta
Minister of Foreign Affairs Monica Juma
Minister of Finance Ukur Yatani Kanacho
Central Bank Govenor Patrick Ngugi Njoroge
Next National Elections Date 2022
Government Website
Parliament Website


Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Editorial regarding Kenya.

Balance of Payments and International FDI Position in Kenya: FY2019/20
Kenyan merchandise export earnings have been volatile but started recovering since 2017. The export earnings growth has not been sufficient to improve Kenya’s current account ...
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Trade and Regional Integration in Kenya: FY2019/20
Kenyan exports have been volatile and declined during the period from 2015 to 2018. This has not led to a significant deterioration in gross official ...
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Kenyan Public Debt Sustainability
The downgrading of Kenya’s creditworthiness by global rating agency Moody’s in 2018; from B1 (seen as speculative and relatively risky) to B2 (judged to be ...
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PESA Editorial - Kenyan - 3Q2018/19
The post-election violence experienced in Kenya following a widely disputed election in December 2007 was unprecedented both in terms of scale and intensity. Over 1000 ...
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Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Regional Integration Monitor relating to Kenya.

Political Economy of Regional Integration in SADC
The September 2016 issue is an introduction to regional integration – What are the key RECs in the region? how are the countries and institutions ...
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Click on a thumbnail below to view the latest PESA Policy Dialogues on issues relating to Kenya.

Political Economy Review: Labour Disputes and Strikes at JKIA
Interview analysing the impact and cause of strikes over labour disputes at Kenya's Jomo Kenyatta International Airport. The discussion evaluates the impact and causes of ...
International Implications of the US Trade War on China
Interview about the international implications of the US trade war with China and the impact on international law and trade. The discussion reviews the impact ...
Political Economy Review: Zimbabwe, Libya and Kenya
Africa Business Report segment looking recent developments in Zimbabwe, Libya and Kenya. The interview discusses the resignation of Robert Mugabe and the implications for Zimbabwe ...
2017 Kenyan National Elections Review
Interview about the 2017 Kenya general elections outcome and the contestation of the results by the NASA opposition led by Raila Odinga. The interview discusses ...


Kenya Geographic Location
Geographic Location

Kenya is a country in East Africa with a coastline on the Indian Ocean, which contains swamps of East African mangroves, and broad plains and numerous hills on inlands. Central and Western Kenya is characterised by the Kenyan Rift Valley which is home to Kenya’s highest mountain, Mount Kenya and Mount Elgon on the border between Kenya and Uganda. The Kakamega Forest in western Kenya is a relic of an East African rainforest. In addition there is Mau Forest, the largest forest complex in East Africa.

Kenyan Cities
Kenyan Cities
Kenyan Coat Arms
Coat of Arms

The Kenyan coat of arms features two lions which symbolise protection, holding spears and a traditional East African shield. The shield and spears symbolise unity and defence of freedom. The shield contains the national colours: black which represents the people of Kenya, green represents agriculture and natural resources, red represents the struggle for freedom, and white for unity and peace.

According to the Luo and Luhya traditions, the rooster is the only domestic fowl that announces the dawn of a new day signaling the time to wake up and begins work before the dawn. The rooster is also one of the few animals that seldom moves backwards. Therefore, the rooster holding an axe while moving forward portrays authority, the will to work, success, and the break of a new dawn. It is also the symbol of Kenya Africa National Union (KANU) party which led the country to independence.

The shield and lions stand on a silhouette of Mount Kenya with examples of Kenyan agricultural commodities in the foreground, such as coffee, pyrethrum, sisal, tea, maize and pineapples. The coat of arms also features a ribbon with: Harambee written on it which means “pulling together” or “all for one, and one for all”. It is also the chant of fishermen as they draw their nets towards the shore. The same word is echoed by everyone when a collective effort is made for the common good, such as helping a family in need, or the construction of a school or a church.

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