Republic of Ghana

Republic of Ghana

Political Economy Summary

Capital Accra
Independence 6 March 1957
Head of State & Govt H.E. Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo
Minister of Foreign Affairs Shirley Ayorkor Botchway
Minister of Finance Ken Ofori-Atta
Central Bank Govenor Ernest Addison
Next National Elections Date Dec 2020
Government Website
Parliament Website


Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Editorial regarding Ghana.

Balance of Payments and International FDI Position in Ghana: FY2019/20
Ghanaian merchandise export earnings have been growing consistently since 2017. The faster export earnings growth has improved Ghana’s current account balance. However, the balance of ...
Read More
Trade and Regional Integration in Ghana: FY2019/20
Ghanaian exports have been growing faster than imports during the period from 2015 to 2018. This has led to a steady improvement in gross official ...
Read More
PESA Editorial - Ghana - 3Q2018/19
Ghana was historically a British colony known as the Gold Coast. On gaining independence in 1957, the country was renamed Ghana, with the first republic ...
Read More
PESA Editorial - Ghana - 2Q2018/19
For centuries trade has been the driver in the discovery of new worlds across the globe. Many European countries ventured into dangerous expeditions in search ...
Read More

Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Regional Integration Monitor relating to Ghana.

No posts found.

Click on a thumbnail below to view the latest PESA Policy Dialogues on issues relating to Ghana.

Political Economy Review: China Impact on Ghanaian Food Security
Interview analysing the impact of Chinese owned boats trawling the Ghanaian coast following a report by the Environmental Justice Foundation (EJF) detailed how Chinese involvement ...


Ghana Geographic Location
Geographic Location

Ghana is located along the Gulf of Guinea in the West Africa region. Ghana is bordered by the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo in the east and the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean in the south. Ghana’s terrain is dominated by grasslands mixed with south coastal shrublands and forests, with forest extending northward from the south-west coast of Ghana and eastward for a maximum of about 270 kilometres. The Kingdom of Ashanti or the southern part of Ghana is a primary location for mining of industrial minerals and timber.

Ghanaian Cities
Ghanaian Cities
Ghanaian Coat Arms
Coat of Arms

The Ghanaian coat of arms features a sword used by chiefs, and a staff, used by the linguist (known as an okyeame in Akan), at ceremonies on the first quarter of the shield, on the upper left. The second quarter shows a representation of Osu Castle on the sea, the presidential palace on the Gulf of Guinea, symbolizes the national government. The third quarter of the shield shows a cacao tree, which embodies the agricultural wealth of Ghana. The fourth quarter shows a gold mine, which stands for the richness of industrial minerals and natural resources in Ghana.

The centre of the shield has a gold lion on a green St George’s Cross with gold fimbriation on the field of blue, which represents the continuing link between Ghana and the Commonwealth of Nations. The crest is a Black star of Africa with gold outline, upon a torse in the national colours. Supporting the shield are two golden Tawny eagles, with the Order of the Star of Ghana suspended from their necks. The compartment upon which the supporters stand is composed of a grassy field, under which a scroll bears the national motto of Ghana: Freedom and Justice.

Follow PESA Online

Follow us on some of your favourite social media.

Contact Us

Please complete the General Enquiry form and submit it to us for a response. Please use the subject “Media” for all media-related requests.


    By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. Click here for more information.

    The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this.