Democratic Republic of Congo

Democratic Republic of Congo

Political Economy Summary

Capital Kinshasa
Independence 30 June 1960
Head of State H.E. Félix Antoine Tshisekedi Tshilombo
Head of Government P.M. Sylvestre Ilunga Ilukamb
Minister of Foreign Affairs Marie Tumba Nzeza
Minister of Finance José Sele Yalaghuli
Central Bank Govenor Deogratias Mutombo Mwana Nyembo
Next National Elections Date 2023
Government Website
Parliament Website


Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Editorial regarding the DRC.

Balance of Payments and International FDI Position in the DRC: FY2019/20
Comorian merchandise export earnings have been growing steadily since 2016 despite the persistent trade deficit. The growth in merchandise export earnings has not been sufficient ...
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Trade and Regional Integration in the DRC: FY2019/20
The DRC’s exports have been growing faster than imports during the period from 2015 to 2018. This has slowed the deterioration of gross official foreign ...
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PESA Editorial - DRC - 1Q2017/18
Despite the abundance of mineral resources in the DRC, the country has struggled to curb rising levels of poverty and unemployment. Additionally, falling global commodity ...
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A “round up” on the ending financial previous year
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is the second largest country on the continent and has the third largest population in Africa. The DRC is ...
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Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Regional Integration Monitor relating to the DRC.

Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic in SADC
The July 2020 issue focuses on assessing the impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) and evaluates the readiness and gaps in the region's public capacity; and ...
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Climate Change and Adaptation in SADC
The April 2020 issue focuses on assessing the impact of climate change and evaluating the effectiveness of regional systems and national responses to the crisis ...
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Youth Unemployment and Empowerment in SADC
The July 2019 issue focuses on providing an overview of youth empowerment in SADC - What is the current state of youth unemployment and youth ...
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Public Debt and Government Finances in SADC
The April 2019 issue focuses on providing an overview of public debt in SADC and what needs to be done to retain debt sustainability in ...
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Click on a thumbnail below to view the latest PESA Policy Dialogues on issues relating to the DRC.

Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic in SADC
Interview about the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in SADC. The discussion evaluates the various impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the regional economy, government ...
The Impact of the Corona Virus in Africa
Interview about the impact of the Corona Virus in Africa and whether South Africa and other African countries are prepared to deal with the epidemic ...
Political Economy Review: Rwanda-Uganda Relations and DRC Conflict
Interview analysing the rising tensions after Rwanda prohibited Ugandan trucks from entering its territory and its citizens from cross the Katuna border which is the ...
Political Economy Review: DRC's Mining Reforms
Interview about the DRC's 2018 mining sector reforms including the voiding of existings agreements which will increase their operational costs. Faced with great civil unrest ...


Country Expert

Serge Basingene Hadisi

Serge is a Senior Analyst at PESA.

DRC Geographic Location
Geographic Location

The Democratic Republic of the Congo is by the Congo River Basin, which covers an area of almost 1,000,000 square kilometres. The country’s only outlet to the Atlantic Ocean is a narrow strip of land on the north bank of the Congo River.

The vast, low-lying central area is a plateau-shaped basin sloping toward the west, covered by tropical rainforest and crisscrossed by rivers. A large portion of this area has been categorised by the World Wildlife Fund as the Central Congolese lowland forests eco-region. The forest centre is surrounded by mountainous terraces in the west, plateaus merging into savannahs in the south and southwest. Dense grasslands extend beyond the Congo River in the north. High mountains of the Ruwenzori Range (some above 5,000 m) are found on the eastern borders with Rwanda and Uganda.

Congolese Cities
Congolese Cities
Congolese Coat Arms
Coat of Arms

The Congolese coat arms has changed several times since 1997. The current one was introduced in 2006 and depicts a leopard head, surrounded by an elephant tusk to the left and a spear to the right. Below are the three words which make up the national motto: Justice, Paix, Travail which means “Justice, Peace, Work” in French. The current coat of arms was adopted by President Joseph Kabila on 18 February 2006.

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