Political Economy Summary
|Independence||30 September 1966|
|Head of State & Govt||H.E. Mokgweetsi Masisi|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs||Unity Dow|
|Minister of Finance||Thapelo Matsheka|
|Central Bank Govenor||Moses Dinekere Pelaelo|
|Next National Elections Date||2024|
Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Editorial regarding Botswana.
Click on a thumbnail below to read the relevant PESA Regional Integration Monitor relating to Botswana.
Click on a thumbnail below to view the latest PESA public engagements on issues relating to Botswana.
Botswana is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa, north of South Africa. Botswana has land boundaries shared with Namibia to the west, South Africa to the south-east, Zimbabwe and Zambia to the north-east. Much of the population of Botswana is concentrated in the eastern part of the country.
The Batswana coat of arms was adopted on January 25, 1966. The centre shield is supported by two zebras. On the top portion of the shield are three cogwheels that represent industry. The three waves symbolise water and rain, or in pula seTswana, which also means good luck and is the name of the nation’s currency. Pula, which is also found on the bottom ribbon of the coat of arms, represents the importance of water to Batswana.
At the bottom of the shield there is a head of cattle, which symbolises the importance of cattle herding in Botswana. The two zebras also symbolise the importance of wildlife, through tourism, in the national economy. Also, zebras have black and white stripes which represents equality of people of all colors in Botswana. The zebra on the right holds an ear of sorghum, an important crop in the nation. The zebra on the left holds a tusk of ivory, symbolic of the former ivory trade in Botswana. There is also a view that the ivory tusk represents wild life preservation. Botswana has one of the highest elephant populations in Africa.
PESA is an independent think-tank promoting regional integration in SADC and providing research on the political economy of development in Africa.
Copyright © 2015-2020 PESA. All Rights Reserved.
Follow us on some of your favourite social media.
Please complete the General Enquiry form and submit it to us for a response. Please use the subject “Media” for all media-related requests.
The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this.