Motlhabane Modupe

PESA Editorial - Angola - 3Q2018/19

History of Conflict and its Impact on Angolan Development

Post-independence Angola was challenged with conflict and political instability mainly from two liberation organisations; People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA). The protracted war spanned from 1975 to Read More

Angola Land Reform and Rural Transformation Overview

Angola Land Reform and Rural Transformation Overview

Historically, Angola’s native population went through a process of land dispossession under Angola’s Civil Code instituted by the Portuguese colonial authorities.[1] The law effectively transferred ownership of all prime land from the indigenous Angolans to the occupying settlers. At the Read More